Less than a
century ago, there were a million African penguin breeding pairs in Southern
Africa. That number has since dropped to less than 23 000. The decrease in food
supplies sometimes means that the flightless birds have to travel further away
from their colonies to eat. During moulting season, the loss of waterproof
feathers leaves adult penguins unable to swim out to fish for their young,
leading to more deaths. Listed as endangered in 2010, the South African
National Biodiversity Institute estimates that African penguins could be
extinct in the next 15 years. In an effort to help, Sibongile George is helping
to hand-rear chicks from eggs, saving those who can’t make it on their own.
George began working as a cleaner for the Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds (SANCCOB) in 2013. Having never worked with birds before, she took to them like a duck to water. “I’ve learnt that it doesn’t matter where you come from or what you do. We all have a responsibility to take good care of our animals,” she says. Now a rehabilitation assistant, George prepares fish and formula for the chicks, safely moves injured birds, nebulises those with chest problems and creates a clean, safe place for eggs to hatch. The grown-up penguins have no trouble integrating back into the wild because the hand-rearing practice closely mimics their natural processes.
Together with SANCCOB, George is working to undo
years of damage from the behaviour of people. It’s a slow process. Oil spills
and marine pollution are just the tip of the iceberg. Years ago, the
accumulation of seabird droppings which penguins use for nesting burrows was
stripped and sold as agricultural fertiliser, leaving penguins to breed on open
ground where they were exposed to extreme temperatures and predators. Their
eggs were also collected for human consumption. While both of these practices
are now banned, there’s still a long way to go to recover the declining
population. Yet George remains hopeful that we will see improvement if we just
try. “Nothing we do for the animals will ever be too small,” she says. Her work
is proving that while human interference caused these penguins harm, it can
also save them.